The most common health problems of snakes are mites. They are small creatures that live under the snake’s scales. They will come out at night and suck the blood of the snake making it anemic. They are not easily found, but you can check the sites around the eyes and vent. You can also look for silvery poop around the cage. To treat the mites put the snake in a shallow dish of water for 4 hours.
Mouth rot is when the snake’s lung or throat becomes infected with bacteria or fungi. The common symptoms of mouth rot are
- red, inflamed gums
- Refusal to eat
- frequent opening of the mouth,
- Formation of whitish exudates in the mouth.
There is no home cure for this so you should remove it from the tank and take the snake to a vet.
Pneumonia, an infection of a snake’s respiratory tract, is one of the most dangerous snake ailments. Since corn snakes have only one functioning lung, an infection can quickly be fatal. Symptoms of pneumonia
- include heavy breathing
- frequent hissing
- frequent opening of the mouth
- Excessive mucus or saliva discharge
If you think your snake has pneumonia, he should see the vet right away.
Blister disease occurs when a corn snake is housed incorrectly. It is caused by bacteria on the skin and scales, brought on by dirty living conditions and high humidity levels in a terrarium. If a snake has developed blister disease, the scales on his belly will turn yellow or brown, and he will develop a series of tiny white or yellow bumps. If left untreated, these bumps can quickly turn into lesions, open sores, and pustules, and recovery is unlikely at this point. If your snake develops signs of blister disease, a thorough terrarium cleaning is necessary. Remove all substrate, sterilize the entire terrarium, and move your corn snake into a hospital tank. You should also bathe him in warm water and put hydrogen peroxide on the infected areas. If this treatment is unsuccessful and his symptoms worsen, a trip to the vet is pertinent.
Dysecdysis is a word used to describe a variety of shedding difficulties. It occurs when a snake attempts to shed but some old skin is retained on some part of the body, quite often the eyes. This skin will harden and cause improper shedding cycles in the future. Eventually, multiple layers of leftover skin will develop and will cause the snake to be virtually blind. Whenever your snake sheds, you should inspect him closely to make sure all old skin has come off, particularly in the eye area. If a piece has remained, remove it by carefully swabbing the eye with a cotton swab dipped in warm water. Then, use a pair of tweezers to pluck at the edge of the skin until it breaks free.